Spain, Carteia - Granting of the Latin Rights

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Livy records that in 171 BC, the Roman Senate was petitioned by the sons of Roman soldiers and Iberian women from Carteia who, because they did not possess Roman citizenship, were therefore not permitted to marry women who were Roman citizens themselves. The Senate therefore elevated Carteia to the status of a Roman colony, and granted the inhabitants the right to marry Roman citizens. The elevation of Carteia was a landmark reform – it was the first instance of the Latin Rights (a half-way status between non-citizen provincial and full Roman citizen) being granted outside of Italy. With this new status, Carteia gained its own mint, amphitheatre, temples and port.

Spain, Carteia Æ Quadrans. Circa 40-20 BC. Head of Vulcan right, wearing wreathed pileus, tongs behind / CL.VAL.I.L prow right. Unpublished in the standard references, including the specialist study of F. Chaves Tristan, Las monedas Hispano-Romanas de Carteia, Barcelona 1979; Cf. Jesus Vico sale 121, 2009, 37. 3.67g, 21mm, 10h.

Good Very Fine. Only the second example recorded.