Roman Republic, C. Antius C. f. Restio - The Dei Penates

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The diademed, jugate heads on this type’s obverse are those of Penates, which, according to Servius and Cicero, were deities worshipped privately and at home in the innermost and secure part of the family dwelling. Roman religion allowed each individual to choose their own personal Penates, which could take the form of the main deities of the heavens such as Jupiter or Vesta, or could also be a man’s own ancestors or even an Emperor. These particular Penates indicate that the gens originated in Lavinium. Statues of the Penates were consecrated in the Penetralia or most secret apartment, and on certain occasions wine and incense were offered, they were also covered with garlands of poppies and garlic. Sometimes sheep and lambs were sacrificed to them. The festival of the Penates was celebrated during the Saturnalia, along with a day each month, dedicated to the honour of these domestic gods.

C. Antius C. f. Restio AR Denarius. Rome, 47 BC. Jugate heads of the Dei Penates right; DEI PENATES behind / Hercules Triumphalis nude, walking right, head left, holding club and trophy left, cloak over left arm; C•ANTIVS•C•F• behind. Crawford 455/2a; Sydenham 971. 4.14g, 19mm, 4h.


Rare. Good Extremely Fine. Well centred on a large flan.
Ex UBS 43, 1997, lot 259.